Sławomira Żerańska-Kominek graduated at the University of Warsaw in Arabic Studies (1968) and Musicology (1973). She obtained her doctorate in Musicology in 1976. In 1987 she received her habilitation after presenting her dissertation Time and Space Symbols in Music of Central Asia. She obtain the title of Professor in 1996.
Since 1995 she is the Head of the Division of Systematic Musicology of the Institute of Musicology, the University of Warsaw and conducts seminars in Anthropology of Music and Ethnomusicology. Since 1998 she is the Director of the Institute of Musicology, the University of Warsaw.